Crochet Basics, includes: Making a Foundation Chain, Slip Stitch (sl st), Single Crochet (sc), Double Crochet (dc), Half Double Crochet (hdc), Treble Crochet (tr)
Foundation Single Crochet (fsc)
Single Crochet Decrease (sc dec)
Tunisian Crochet Basics
There are a handful of simple techniques you'll need to know for most basic crochet patterns. Just remember to keep a loose hold on the yarn, don't worry about mistakes, and have fun!
Below, you will find...
- Making a Foundation Chain
- Slip Stitch
- Single Crochet
- Double Crochet
- Half Double Crochet
- Treble Crochet
Lots of crochet patterns start out with a foundation chain followed by the instructions to make a single crochet into each chain. The problems are manifold: we lose count of our chain stitches, we recount, we rip out, we start over; we end up with an ungainly edge of chains that were too loosely constructed, or we discover a taut, unforgiving edge from chains that were too tightly constructed! It's very hard to get right!
Enter the Foundation Single Crochet, an ingenious way to simultaneously create the foundation row and the first row of single crochets in one easy foundation row. Isn't that amazing? Yes, it is!
Here's how to do it...
You can make granny squares big, small, tight, loose, from a single color or many colors. The only guidelines are to find a beautiful, natural yarn you'll really want to cuddle, and have a fun time inventing each unique square.
There are a few ways to eliminate a stitch when working a single crochet fabric. One of the most effective and easiest is the "single crochet decrease." A single crochet decrease is usually abbreviated as "sc dec", but a pattern may also say to "single crochet the next 2 stitches together", aka "sc 2 tog".
A big advantage of the single crochet decrease over simply skipping a stitch (which serves the same purpose of decreasing 1 stitch) is that it doesn't leave a hole in the fabric. That's good news! So here's how you do it...
Tunisian (also known as Afghan) crochet makes a beautifully textured, dense and squishy fabric. It's very easy to learn and very satisfying to hook up!
This type of crochet is distinguished by the tool you use to work it, namely, a long "Afghan" hook. You should choose a size that is at least two sizes bigger then the hook you would normally use with the same yarn. Purl Soho has a selection of Afghan Crochet Hooks right here.
Another characteristic of Tunisian Crochet is that you don't turn your work between rows. Instead, the front side of the fabric is always facing you. Generally, you create Tunisian Crochet fabric by alternating "Forward" and "Return" rows. The Forward row moves from right to left as you pick up stitches, leaving them on the shaft of the hook. And the Return row moves from left to right as you remove the stitches from the hook.
Here you'll learn how to make a Tunisian Crochet fabric using the basic Tunisian Simple Stitch. Let's get started!