The first step is making a “quilt sandwich”. The "quilt sandwich" process is the same for hand and machine quilting.
I cut a red piece of fabric for the back, a few inches larger than my top. I laid the backing fabric right side down and smoothed it flat. Usually the back is taped down before basting to create a wrinkle-free backing. In this case I didn’t tape it because my quilt is so small.
I then unfolded the batting (which was cut to roughly the same size as the back) on top of the back, smoothing it flat from the center out. Batting is delicate so I was very gentle. (Joelle always says to treat batting like pie crust for the bakers among you.)
And finally I lay the top right side up on top of it all.